High mountains and deep valleys as far as you can see. That is the first impression when you fly above Bhutan. From up high Bhutan appears very green and almost completely unpopulated.
In the north (28.1 degree of latitude), the small kingdom, with its magnificent mountains that can reach 7500m into the sky, touches Tibet (China). In the south, Bhutan borders to the Indian lowlands (26.8 degrees of latitude). With just about 200m altitude the climate there is subtropical. Bhutan’s geography is the origin of its cultural richness. The Himalayan glaciers supply it with plenty of water, which is why water power is Bhutan’s primary source or electricity. Furthermore, the towering mountains limit the flow of the humid air coming from the south, resulting in heavy rain. These are the reasons why Bhutan has one of the riches floras and faunas in the world.